Is simple decompression enough for the treatment of idiopathic cubital tunnel syndrome: A prospective comparative study analyzing the outcomes of simple decompression versus partial medial epicondylectomy
Orçun Şahin1, Bahtiyar Haberal1, Mehmet Şükrü Şahin2, Hüseyin Demirörs1, İlhami Kuru1, İsmail Cengiz Tuncay1
1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medicine Faculty of Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Başkent University Alanya Application and Research Center, Alanya, Turkey
Keywords: Cubital tunnel syndrome, in-situ decompression, medial epicondylectomy.
Objectives: This study aims to compare the clinical and functional outcomes of simple in-situ decompression and partial medial epicondylectomy for the treatment of idiopathic cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS).
Patients and methods: Between March 2014 and December 2016, 71 patients (31 males, 40 females; mean age 46.7 years; range, 38 to 62 years) with CuTS scheduled to undergo simple in-situ decompression (group 1) or partial medial epicondylectomy (group 2) were prospectively reviewed. All patients were analyzed with clinical examination (Tinel sign, Froment’s and Wartenberg’s signs, elbow flexion test, subluxation), and McGowan scores before and after surgery. Final outcomes were reviewed with Wilson and Krout grading system.
Results: There was no significant difference between the study groups in regard to Wilson and Krout grading and McGowan scores postoperatively. Group 1 had significantly better grip and key pinch strength values compared to group 2 at the final follow-up control.
Conclusion: In-situ decompression and partial medial epicondylectomy represent efficient and safe methods for the treatment of idiopathic CuTS. When their efficiency is compared, in-situ decompression had better grip and key pinch strength values and more excellent outcomes compared to partial medial epicondylectomy.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.