Muhammet Salih Ayas1, Orkun Gül2, Ahmet Emin Okutan2, Servet Kerimoğlu2, Mehmet Yıldız2, Ahmet Uğur Turhan2, Osman Aynacı2

1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey
2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey

Keywords: Atypical, open surgery, osteoid osteoma, radiofrequency ablation, traditional, visual analog scale

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to evaluate traditional open surgery results of osteoid osteomas (OOs) in atypical localizations and explore whether open surgery can be a safe alternative in localizations where radiofrequency ablation (RFA) may not be suitable.

Patients and methods: A total of 26 patients (20 males, 6 females; mean age 23.3±14.2 years; range, 4 to 65 years) having OO in atypical localizations between January 2008 and January 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. All patients underwent traditional open surgery under anesthesia. All patients were followed-up, and their clinical success and complications were evaluated. The pain intensity was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS).

Results: The postoperative first year VAS score was 0.2±0.5 (range, 0-2) (p<0.005). None of the patients showed any complications. No recurrences were reported at the end of the first year. All patients were relieved from pain due to OO in atypical localizations.

Conclusion: Although RFA has been accepted as the preferred treatment for OO, traditional open surgery may still be used for OO in atypical localizations yielding perfect clinical results with fewer complications. It is a safe alternative for localizations such as carpal bones, distal ulna, hand and foot where RFA complications can be seen more frequently. In these localizations, traditional open surgery can be recommended as the first treatment choice.